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How Mycorrhizae Works?



Mycorrhizae are a type of symbiotic relationship between fungi and the roots of most plants. In this relationship, the fungal hyphae penetrate the root cells of the plant and form a dense network around the root. The plant provides the fungus with sugars produced through photosynthesis, while the fungus provides the plant with essential nutrients, such as phosphorous and nitrogen, from the soil.


An in-depth explanation of how Mycorrhizae work, including the symbiotic relationship between the fungus and the plant roots.

Mycorrhizae are a type of symbiotic relationship between fungi and the roots of most plants. In this relationship, the fungal hyphae penetrate the root cells of the plant and form a dense network around the root. The plant provides the fungus with sugars produced through photosynthesis, while the fungus provides the plant with essential nutrients, such as phosphorous and nitrogen, from the soil.


The fungal hyphae are much finer and more extensive than plant roots, and they help the plant absorb more nutrients and water from the soil. This is because the fungal hyphae have a much larger surface area than the plant roots, and they also release enzymes that break down organic matter and release essential nutrients into the soil. These nutrients are then absorbed by the plant roots through the fungal hyphae.


The plant also benefits from increased water uptake, as the fungal hyphae can help the plant absorb more water from the soil. This is especially important in dry or drought conditions, as the plant can continue to absorb water even when the soil is dry.


In addition to increasing nutrient and water uptake, mycorrhizal fungi also help protect plants from soil-borne pathogens and improve overall plant immunity. They do this by colonizing the root system and creating a barrier that prevents pathogens from infecting the plant.


Overall, the relationship between the plant and the fungus in mycorrhizae is a symbiotic one, where both partners benefit. The plant provides the fungus with the sugars it needs to grow and survive, while the fungus provides the plant with essential nutrients and water, and helps protect it from pathogens. This relationship is essential for maintaining healthy plant growth and productivity and is a critical component of many ecosystems.



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